Fires can break out anywhere, including your home. This is why it’s important to educate all family members, including kids, about fire prevention and safety.
The best way to teach children about fire prevention is to help them understand how one can start and why it’s dangerous. According to experts, kids respond better to visual instructional materials, such as DVDs or videos from the Internet rather than simply being told. You can also use role-playing to demonstrate what they should do in different situations.
Here are a few important things that you need to discuss with your kids:
How Fires Occur
Outline some of the common ways fires start out. Playing with lighters and matchboxes, overheating of appliances, and leaving a burning candle in the house or flammables, such as newspapers, plastics, or textiles on top of the gas stove are some of the most common causes of house fires.
The Danger of Fire
Tell your kids that small flames may glow brightly on birthday cakes and melts marshmallows, but if they get out of control, they can cause tremendous harm and burn down the whole house. Stress that fire can be dangerous and they should keep away from it at all times. Help them understand how hazardous fire can be to the best of your ability.
The Use of Fire Extinguisher
Teach your kids how to use and where to find the fire extinguishers in your home, but remind them that they are best handled by adults. Water fire extinguishers, for example, are used for class A fires or those caused by the combustion of solid materials, including wood, paper, straw, textiles, and coals.
Your Family’s Escape Plan
Create a fire escape plan for the whole family to follow in the event of a fire. Make sure to have practice practice drills until it becomes a familiar routine. Your plan should indicate all possible escape routes in your home and must show two ways out of every room. Choose a meeting place outside the house; it can be a light post, neighbor’s house, mailbox, or a stop sign.
The U.S. Fire Administration encourages parents to teach fire prevention and safety to kids at an early age. By helping them understand how dangerous fires can be, creating an escape plan, and teaching how to use fire extinguishers, you can help ensure the entire family’s safety in the event of a fire.