Senior Mental Health and Illness in Nursing Homes

Posted on by George Cummins in Healthy Times | Comments Off on Senior Mental Health and Illness in Nursing Homes

Elderly woman with a caregiver in blueAging, mental illness, and physical disability and sickness can manifest concurrently in the elderly. Senior homes that provide health care services can be especially important for this population. Staff are fully trained to deal with physical illnesses and to acquire the additional skills to handle patients with mental health conditions.

Dealing with Mental Illnesses

State mental hospitals housed the majority of people with chronic mental illnesses all the way up to the 1970s. The institutions were publicly perceived to be places of abuse and neglect and the practice of state institutionalization was considered inhumane. It was found kinder, more medically appropriate, and cost-effective to release institutionalized patients and integrate them back into the community.

Unfortunately, mental health facilities and community-based group homes are ill-equipped to manage patients who live beyond their 60s and are experiencing, in addition to mental health concerns, age-related diseases and disabilities. As a result, nursing homes have to accommodate a growing number of seniors with mental health conditions.

Seniors who suffer from both mental illnesses and physical disabilities are more likely to be treated and diagnosed only for the latter. For instance, depression in seniors may be overlooked because symptoms look as though they stem from a physical disease. Weight loss, poor appetite, and problems with daily functioning may be taken as symptoms of a gastrointestinal problem or of arthritis.

Addressing the Needs of Mentally Ill Seniors

Mental health issues in seniors range from major depressive and bipolar disorder to anxiety-related illnesses and schizophrenia. These require individualized care and specialized treatment strategies. Nursing facilities and community organizations find ways to address the varying needs of individuals with different types of mental illnesses.

However, the staff at a nursing facility may not always have the experience and training needed to deal with individuals suffering from chronic serious mental illnesses. Not all senior homes are readily equipped with the tools necessary to provide optimal care for patients with different kinds of mental illnesses.

Improving Staff Response

Staff training can improve care provided to seniors with mental illnesses. This includes training staff to be more attentive to mental illness and to focus less on the stigma. The facilities themselves need to identify and address the fearfulness, prejudices, and lack of accurate knowledge and information that their staff and caregivers may have.

Further, staff should be given the choice of whether or not to work with residents who have mental illnesses. Their confidence and success may well be largely dependent on their willingness to care for this population. Behavioral issues of senior patients with a chronic mental illness can be reduced and made less problematic if patients receive appropriate treatments and are compliant.

Senior homes also need to have a solid relationship with the area’s mental health community. Partnerships are essential if a home is to be successful in taking in and treating patients with chronic mental illnesses.

Seniors with mental illnesses can be poorly understood and inappropriately treated in nursing homes with inexperienced and untrained staff. This can be easily remedied by improving staff perceptions and responses to the population with mental illnesses.

Lifehacks: Teeth Straightening with Invisible Braces in Harley Street

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Woman about to wear her invisible alignersA lifehack is anytime an innovate solution is used to solve a classic problem. The issue we are looking at today is teeth straightening. It used to be that there were very few options available to patients when it came to getting their teeth realigned. The available choices almost always involved a difficult compromise like getting obtrusive equipment fitted. Now there are smart ways to achieve straight teeth with options like invisible braces in Harley Street.

Invisible braces in Harley Street have many advantages not the least of which is that they are easy on the eye. A patient can choose this option when they visit a clinic, like Harley Street Dental Clinic, to have their teeth straightened if the equipment is able to achieve the results that they want.

What is achievable?

Invisible braces in Harley Street are primarily used for cosmetic work so any deeper, clinical adjustments might require the use of more traditional equipment for at least the first part of treatment. This doesn’t mean that straightening the teeth with invisible braces has no clinical benefit. On the contrary, one of the extra benefits of choosing this lifehack is that it can have a positive impact on dental health as well as making the smile look great.

Within the parameters of cosmetic adjustments, invisible braces can achieve the same kinds of movement and realignment as traditional treatments.

Why invisible braces?

Invisible braces in Harley Street are designed for those people who want to adjust their smile but remain discreet about the process. They may not want everyone to be aware of their braces or they might have a job which entails public speaking or regular client contact where they don’t want to feel judged.

Teeth straightening is an empowered process during which people are taking control of their look. However, the perception may still be that it is something that happens to young people and teenagers and therefore a little juvenile. To avoid any self-consciousness or misconception, people can choose invisible braces. These are either completely see-through, made of tooth-coloured and clear materials or they are fixed to the backs of the teeth and are therefore out of sight.

Finding a Dentist in Buckinghamshire

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Group of dental professionalsIf people have just moved to an area, and care for their oral health, they will soon be looking for a dentist. There is a lot of choice when it comes to selecting a dentist in Buckinghamshire so before starting, it is wise to think about what they are looking for from their new dentist.

Making the most of the internet

Before choosing a dentist in Buckinghamshire, such as Garden View Dental Care, prospective patients are recommended to do some initial online research to help identify practices that have the skills, knowledge and experience that they think they need.

A dental surgery’s website is a useful window on to the practice, demonstrating not only their technical expertise but also giving a flavour of the environment and atmosphere of each dental practice through photos and videos.

Testimonials from patients and accompanying photos can also help show the practice’s results and help engender confidence in prospective patients.

Everyone has different needs from a dentist in Buckinghamshire

A young adult who wants regular check-ups to help maintain good oral health, and who may be considering some future cosmetic dentistry will have different requirements compared with a parent of a child who needs regular check-ups and possibly fluoride treatment or even braces.

Furthermore, patients who have more complex dental needs, lost teeth or require restorative treatment such as dental implants or dentures will have different needs from others, such as those who have concerns about visiting the dentist or other dental procedures or advice.

Dentists want their patients to feel comfortable and will help ensure that new and/or nervous patients feel confident about making an appointment and attending for procedures and check-ups.

Finding out more about each dentist

But it is not just the training and experience that is important, learning more about the dentists and their teams is also important as it helps engender trust before making that first appointment or visiting the practice to find out more.

Further information about each dentist, including their General Dental Council registration number, can usually be found on the practice’s website.

By doing some initial research, finding a dentist in Buckinghamshire who meets a patient’s requirements need not be a complex or challenging task.

Global Dentistry in W1

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Dentist and patient smiling during a dental checkupWhat’s on offer at the dental clinic in W1? Well, first off, for anyone looking for quality dentistry, this is the place to go. London’s premier private medical district is in this postcode, centred around the famed Harley Street. Every technique, every treatment, every type of dentist can be found here.

And it’s not just variety on offer at the dental clinic in W1: dentists come from all over the world to practice in this haven of dental excellence. Many world-renowned clinicians have a base here, including those with a long and successful track record in cosmetic dentistry, implant surgery and fitting braces, among others. A patient could pop into a surgery in the area, such as Harley Street Dental Clinic, and be able to chat to a dentist who fitted a Hollywood star with Invisalign braces or extracted the tooth of an aristocrat.

Because of these international links, and because London is a global city, many surgeries will cater for overseas patients. It could be that someone is a temporary resident in the capital as a student or on business. It might be that they’ve come on holiday and been caught out by a dental emergency. Or, some even travel here specifically to have dental work done as a medical tourist, such is the reputation of the W1 dental clinic.

To address the needs of their international patients, some surgeries have multilingual staff. While ordering food or talking with friends in English might be no problem, understanding the complexities of dental treatment in a foreign language is no easy task. Overseas patients are advised to check before travel to see whether their preferred surgery caters to their language needs, to make sure they are fully aware of all the implications of their treatment.

Some practices also have a prayer room, available to those of any religion who need to take time out for devotions during their time at the dental clinic in W1.

And, due to the excellent customer service standards and dedication of the dentists, at the W1 dental clinic, chances are they will work around the schedule of their foreign visitors, with appointments on weekends and Bank Holidays if needed.

Out with Oil: 3 Skincare Tips to Keep Oily Skin Healthy

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Healthy SkinSkincare has been made easier with the wide array of products and regimens available in the market. Whether you have dry or oily skin, there’s already a formula for most skincare products in the market.

The key is knowing the right type of product that would keep oily skin at bay. Create your own skincare routine by knowing these key steps in caring for oily skin.

Always moisturize

Oily skin can make some people believe that your skin will never be “dry.” In reality, people with oily skin are just as in need of a good moisturizer as one of their skin essentials and must-have products than those with healthy or normal skin.

Use a gentle toner

Toning aims to give a balanced appearance of the skin. This is why it is necessary to have a gentle toner that won’t strip away natural oils. Getting rid of oils helps decrease or slow down the showing of aging on the skin. Ensure that your essential skin products have formulas that aim to balance rather than strip down skin oils.

Never forget night cream

Repairing the skin is a big step that can be done with a nightly regimen. Find night regimen products that have a lot of antioxidants and nutrients that aim to restore and rehydrate the skin. Balanced and light formulas rehydrate the skin and avoid clogged pores overnight.

Proper moisturizing is the key to achieving hydrated, protected skin and ditching the greasy look. Aloe vera is a trusted ingredient in moisturizers for oily skin. Best of all, products with help get rid of acne breakouts, which are common in oily skin.

These are the three essential skincare practices for oily skin. Incorporate them within your morning and night skincare routine and be on your way to glowing — and not greasy — skin.

Top Ways to Find the Right Fitness Coach

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elderly couple talking to their fitness trainer Getting the body that you want requires not just eating right, but also having the discipline to exercise regularly. Often times, the eating part can easily be done, no matter how tempting food gets. But when it comes to working out, a greater force, in the form of a trainer, is necessary to get you through those lazy days.

The right exercise coach might just be in front of you or they might require a little more research and effort to find. Nevertheless, Get In Shape For Women notes that it is a must to find one who would understand your needs and capabilities. Here are some tips to help you scout for one:

Credentials and Experience

A good exercise coach is certified by authorizing bodies and has a great amount of experience. These are the foundations a trainer needs to effectively help you in your quest for a healthy body.


Working with someone who encourages you while making sure you push beyond your limit is important. Having a coach whom you can work with and can give you the kind of discipline that you need is something you should not compromise.


You and your coach’s goal should be similar. Your ways of reaching that goal should also be defined early on. As a “student”, there will be days when you would want to give up. But an effective coach will remind you that you have a goal to achieve.


People progress differently. Your coach should help you track your own progress to understand the course of your workout while inspiring you to keep doing so.

The saying, “no pain, no gain” is true, especially when in the quest for a fit body. Find the right coach to help you get through your fitness journey and see how the process can be easier.

Pediatric Cardiology: The Kinds of Heart Surgery

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Man with heart diseaseEveryone hopes that they will give birth to a healthy baby free from not only diseases but defects too. Unfortunately, this is not always the case. Some kids suffer from congenital heart defects at birth.

Such problems can only be diagnosed in an Orem clinic that practices pediatric cardiology. Most of the solutions of heart defects involve surgery. Although the process is risky, it is the only gateway to your child leading a normal and healthy life.

Advancements in technology have allowed the existence of various kinds of pediatric heart surgery. They include:

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) Ligation

Prior to the birth of a child, the fetus has a vein that runs between the pneumonic conduit and the aorta. This vein is commonly referred to as the ductus arteriosus. When the child is born, the vein closes up as soon as the baby can inhale and exhale on its own.

In the case that the vein does not close up, then the condition is referred to as patent ductus arteriosus. The vein can be closed up using pharmaceuticals, but in the case that does not work, then surgery to close up the vein is required.

Coarctation of the Aorta Repair

Coarctation of the aorta refers to when the aorta has a narrowing at some point making it develop an hourglass shape at that specific point. The danger with the narrowing is that it will restrict blood flow and it may eventually lead to high blood pressure.

The most popular technique used to repair such a defect is the cutting of the restricted area and having it replaced by fix made out of Gore-tex.

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) Repair

The ventricular septum refers to that which separates the right and left ventricles of the heart. In some cases, you will find that there is a gap in the ventricular septum and this is what is often referred to as a VSD. This defect gives a chance to utilized blood from the body to mix with oxygenated blood.

The result of this is irregular heartbeats and other more complicated heart issues. VSD’s that remain open after a year are often shut with a fix through open-heart surgery.

If the above procedures go smoothly, the chance that your child will lead a healthy life is way above average. You will have to, as the legal guardian, give consent for the above procedures and any other kinds of heart surgeries thus it pays to know much about what you are consenting to.

Always have the best pediatric cardiologist make a diagnosis of the heart issues your child is experiencing to increase the chances of the right diagnosis and quick recovery.

Here’s How You Can Look Refreshed and Well-Rested

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Woman Holding Her CheeksA stressful and a busy lifestyle can reflect on your skin, making you look tired and old. If you’re starting to notice visible skin changes like dark circles, saggy eyes, and dull skin, it is time to take control and improve your skin.

You can start by drinking more water to keep your skin hydrated and getting enough sleep to give your skin a healthy glow. Dermatologists here in Salem share a few other tips that can make you look refreshed and well-rested.

Get enough sunlight

The right amount of sunlight benefits the skin because of the synthesis of Vitamin D in the body. It also increases the release of serotonin, a type of hormone with mood-lifting benefits. The best time to get sunlight is early in the morning, with exposure between 5 and 15 minutes. Be sure to use sunscreen if you’re going out or staying in the sun longer.

Wear a cheery lip color

Changing your lip color is one of the fastest ways to liven up your appearance or look more awake. You can wear bright hues or neutral ones such as nudes or pink, but be sure to avoid dark colors like deep reds or purples.

Use an eye concealer

If you have dark areas around the eyes, an eye concealer can hide them and give you refreshed look. Those with a slight yellow undertone are beneficial in neutralizing any discoloration or redness around your peepers and make them look brighter.

Pull your hair back

A ballerina bun or a high ponytail can pull and tighten your skin, and give you an alert and energized look. You should also complement your look with an outfit that can make you look and feel awake.

Consider a facial

A facial can do more than cleanse your skin. Depending on the type of facial, it can also help you deal with certain skin issues like pimples, acne, pigmentation, and fine lines. It can get rid of dead skin cells and stimulate collagen production to give you a rejuvenated and well-rested look.

Don’t let a hectic schedule give you a tired-looking face. Apart from following the tips mentioned above, you should see a dermatologist to learn more about products and treatments can make your skin look healthy and beautiful.

Aligning Naturally

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Photo of InvisalignHaving a great smile is increasingly important in UK society today. For some, the health benefits may outweigh the naturally pleasing look that comes with it, but overall nothing boosts the confidence like a dazzling smile. And these days straighter teeth do not require having to suffer treatment with a ‘mouth full of metal’ either, neither does it take years to achieve. It can be done discreetly and in some cases quickly. In Stanmore, Invisalign is one of those discreet methods.

What is Invisalign?

Invisalign in Stanmore is an inconspicuous and non-invasive tooth straightening treatment that is offered at many dental practices, including Centre of Dental Excellence. Invisalign treatment involves a clear set of aligners that are nearly invisible to the untrained eye. They fit comfortably over the patient’s entire arch of teeth.

The Invisalign process

In Stanmore, Invisalign is created using the latest technology and techniques. During this non-invasive process, a dentist will take a series of digital photos and x-rays. The images are then uploaded on to a computer and then with the help of a computer programme, the dentist can make a full assessment of how the patient’s teeth are positioned and show the patient a video of how the teeth will realign back into the desired position. Having that image in mind goes a long way to inspiring patients to achieve their goal of straight teeth.

The next part of the process

The next step in the Invisalign process is creating the patient’s unique set of aligners. This is done by the measurements taken to create the 3D computer image. A series of aligners with progressively different pressure points built in is 3D printed. As the pressure wears off on one aligner, it is swapped for the next in the series to slowly but surely move the teeth into alignment. The aligners are worn for approximately 7-10 days before changing to the next aligner. As the aligners are removable, they are make eating and cleaning the teeth much easier than with bracket and wire braces. They can also be removed for special occasions as long as they are worn for about 20-22 hours per day.

Brighter, Happier Smile

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Smiling woman in the dentist's officeNothing is more appealing than a bright, happy smile with a shine that dazzles. However, it is natural that as we age so do our teeth and with that comes the weakening of tooth enamel and this can lead to a natural discolouring of our teeth.  No matter how much we brush and floss and how much we maintain a healthy care for our teeth, the natural ageing process can sometimes overcome that.

How can we overcome this natural discolouration?

Teeth whitening in Belfast can be the answer, providing patients with a way to feeling good about their appearance once more. It can give that last little touch to brighten their day. In Belfast, teeth whitening is a treatment that is popular and readily available at dental practices, such as Blue Sky Dentistry.

Is it just the natural ageing process that discolours teeth?

No, it’s not just age that discolours teeth. Ageing and years of brushing thins the enamel so that the yellower dentin below shows through. Along with this, certain beverages such as coffee or red wine can play a part too. Smoking also stains the teeth. There are certain medications that can result in discolouring teeth and some people are just genetically predisposed to having darker or yellower teeth. These though can all be whitened either dramatically or by just a few shades through teeth whitening in Belfast.

What is the process for whitening teeth?

There are two ways in which the process of whitening teeth in Belfast can be done. The first way can be as simple as sitting in the dental chair for an hour. This is known as a power teeth whitening session. When a patient wants results and wants them fast, this is the way to do it. The next way is for the patient to take a teeth-whitening kit home. This method can take a couple of weeks or more to achieve results. Either way the patient is assured a treatment which is painless and results in brighter, whiter teeth. How long the treatment will last will depend on the patient’s level of dental hygiene, diet, and lifestyle habits.

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