Pediatric Cardiology: The Kinds of Heart Surgery

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Man with heart diseaseEveryone hopes that they will give birth to a healthy baby free from not only diseases but defects too. Unfortunately, this is not always the case. Some kids suffer from congenital heart defects at birth.

Such problems can only be diagnosed in an Orem clinic that practices pediatric cardiology. Most of the solutions of heart defects involve surgery. Although the process is risky, it is the only gateway to your child leading a normal and healthy life.

Advancements in technology have allowed the existence of various kinds of pediatric heart surgery. They include:

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) Ligation

Prior to the birth of a child, the fetus has a vein that runs between the pneumonic conduit and the aorta. This vein is commonly referred to as the ductus arteriosus. When the child is born, the vein closes up as soon as the baby can inhale and exhale on its own.

In the case that the vein does not close up, then the condition is referred to as patent ductus arteriosus. The vein can be closed up using pharmaceuticals, but in the case that does not work, then surgery to close up the vein is required.

Coarctation of the Aorta Repair

Coarctation of the aorta refers to when the aorta has a narrowing at some point making it develop an hourglass shape at that specific point. The danger with the narrowing is that it will restrict blood flow and it may eventually lead to high blood pressure.

The most popular technique used to repair such a defect is the cutting of the restricted area and having it replaced by fix made out of Gore-tex.

Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) Repair

The ventricular septum refers to that which separates the right and left ventricles of the heart. In some cases, you will find that there is a gap in the ventricular septum and this is what is often referred to as a VSD. This defect gives a chance to utilized blood from the body to mix with oxygenated blood.

The result of this is irregular heartbeats and other more complicated heart issues. VSD’s that remain open after a year are often shut with a fix through open-heart surgery.

If the above procedures go smoothly, the chance that your child will lead a healthy life is way above average. You will have to, as the legal guardian, give consent for the above procedures and any other kinds of heart surgeries thus it pays to know much about what you are consenting to.

Always have the best pediatric cardiologist make a diagnosis of the heart issues your child is experiencing to increase the chances of the right diagnosis and quick recovery.

Here’s How You Can Look Refreshed and Well-Rested

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Woman Holding Her CheeksA stressful and a busy lifestyle can reflect on your skin, making you look tired and old. If you’re starting to notice visible skin changes like dark circles, saggy eyes, and dull skin, it is time to take control and improve your skin.

You can start by drinking more water to keep your skin hydrated and getting enough sleep to give your skin a healthy glow. Dermatologists here in Salem share a few other tips that can make you look refreshed and well-rested.

Get enough sunlight

The right amount of sunlight benefits the skin because of the synthesis of Vitamin D in the body. It also increases the release of serotonin, a type of hormone with mood-lifting benefits. The best time to get sunlight is early in the morning, with exposure between 5 and 15 minutes. Be sure to use sunscreen if you’re going out or staying in the sun longer.

Wear a cheery lip color

Changing your lip color is one of the fastest ways to liven up your appearance or look more awake. You can wear bright hues or neutral ones such as nudes or pink, but be sure to avoid dark colors like deep reds or purples.

Use an eye concealer

If you have dark areas around the eyes, an eye concealer can hide them and give you refreshed look. Those with a slight yellow undertone are beneficial in neutralizing any discoloration or redness around your peepers and make them look brighter.

Pull your hair back

A ballerina bun or a high ponytail can pull and tighten your skin, and give you an alert and energized look. You should also complement your look with an outfit that can make you look and feel awake.

Consider a facial

A facial can do more than cleanse your skin. Depending on the type of facial, it can also help you deal with certain skin issues like pimples, acne, pigmentation, and fine lines. It can get rid of dead skin cells and stimulate collagen production to give you a rejuvenated and well-rested look.

Don’t let a hectic schedule give you a tired-looking face. Apart from following the tips mentioned above, you should see a dermatologist to learn more about products and treatments can make your skin look healthy and beautiful.

Aligning Naturally

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Photo of InvisalignHaving a great smile is increasingly important in UK society today. For some, the health benefits may outweigh the naturally pleasing look that comes with it, but overall nothing boosts the confidence like a dazzling smile. And these days straighter teeth do not require having to suffer treatment with a ‘mouth full of metal’ either, neither does it take years to achieve. It can be done discreetly and in some cases quickly. In Stanmore, Invisalign is one of those discreet methods.

What is Invisalign?

Invisalign in Stanmore is an inconspicuous and non-invasive tooth straightening treatment that is offered at many dental practices, including Centre of Dental Excellence. Invisalign treatment involves a clear set of aligners that are nearly invisible to the untrained eye. They fit comfortably over the patient’s entire arch of teeth.

The Invisalign process

In Stanmore, Invisalign is created using the latest technology and techniques. During this non-invasive process, a dentist will take a series of digital photos and x-rays. The images are then uploaded on to a computer and then with the help of a computer programme, the dentist can make a full assessment of how the patient’s teeth are positioned and show the patient a video of how the teeth will realign back into the desired position. Having that image in mind goes a long way to inspiring patients to achieve their goal of straight teeth.

The next part of the process

The next step in the Invisalign process is creating the patient’s unique set of aligners. This is done by the measurements taken to create the 3D computer image. A series of aligners with progressively different pressure points built in is 3D printed. As the pressure wears off on one aligner, it is swapped for the next in the series to slowly but surely move the teeth into alignment. The aligners are worn for approximately 7-10 days before changing to the next aligner. As the aligners are removable, they are make eating and cleaning the teeth much easier than with bracket and wire braces. They can also be removed for special occasions as long as they are worn for about 20-22 hours per day.

Brighter, Happier Smile

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Smiling woman in the dentist's officeNothing is more appealing than a bright, happy smile with a shine that dazzles. However, it is natural that as we age so do our teeth and with that comes the weakening of tooth enamel and this can lead to a natural discolouring of our teeth.  No matter how much we brush and floss and how much we maintain a healthy care for our teeth, the natural ageing process can sometimes overcome that.

How can we overcome this natural discolouration?

Teeth whitening in Belfast can be the answer, providing patients with a way to feeling good about their appearance once more. It can give that last little touch to brighten their day. In Belfast, teeth whitening is a treatment that is popular and readily available at dental practices, such as Blue Sky Dentistry.

Is it just the natural ageing process that discolours teeth?

No, it’s not just age that discolours teeth. Ageing and years of brushing thins the enamel so that the yellower dentin below shows through. Along with this, certain beverages such as coffee or red wine can play a part too. Smoking also stains the teeth. There are certain medications that can result in discolouring teeth and some people are just genetically predisposed to having darker or yellower teeth. These though can all be whitened either dramatically or by just a few shades through teeth whitening in Belfast.

What is the process for whitening teeth?

There are two ways in which the process of whitening teeth in Belfast can be done. The first way can be as simple as sitting in the dental chair for an hour. This is known as a power teeth whitening session. When a patient wants results and wants them fast, this is the way to do it. The next way is for the patient to take a teeth-whitening kit home. This method can take a couple of weeks or more to achieve results. Either way the patient is assured a treatment which is painless and results in brighter, whiter teeth. How long the treatment will last will depend on the patient’s level of dental hygiene, diet, and lifestyle habits.

Ensuring Quality of Life: Home Care Services for Seniors

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Doctor in elderly's homeMedical care and home assistance have improved over the years. For seniors, this has become even more crucial especially for those who are living alone and independently in their own home. While family members may leave the nest for their pursuit, here are a few home care services that your elderly relatives could consider.

In-home care

Specialized care is crucial for the elderly because these are the times when the elderly experience different types of ailments and illnesses. One professional service for senior home health care services in Alexandria include dementia home care. This type of in-home care requires a more focused approach and monitoring to reduce the symptoms but also slow down the progression of dementia with proper therapy and medication.

Faith-based resource

Most communities have their respective faith-based communities, and these usually have volunteer groups that support older people with certain errands. These faith-based groups offer help with home maintenance, repairs, pet care, an even delivery, when applicable. The good thing about these services is that they enable the elderly to continue living independently in the comforts of their own home.

Hire a skilled caregiver

Another type of care that one can provide for seniors is a skilled caregiver. There are times when the elderly will need medical care, from as simple as bathing and dressing to other assistance like rehabilitation and pain management. Skilled caregivers are the best option for those who want to ensure that their family will have in-home senior care whenever they need medical services.

These are a few of the services that will boost your loved ones’ quality of life, especially towards their later years. You can rest easy knowing that they have access to the proper assistance and medical services even in the comforts of their own home.

Senior Care Needs Increase as Senior Population Grows

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nursing a senior citizenIt is no secret that the general population as a whole is getting older. As the number of senior citizens grows, so does the number of options for senior home care in Rancho Cucamonga. This allows flexibility and better care for the elderly, as well as peace of mind for their loved ones.

The United States experienced a population boom from after World War II up to the early 1960s. The “baby boomers,” as they are called, have been the powerhouse of the country’s growth for the last 50 years. An estimated 76 million babies were born during this period. About half of them are now senior citizens, with the rest coming into the category in the next decade or so.

The Need for Assistance

Currently, 13% of the population is above the age of 65. This will increase to 20% by 2030 and will maintain the same levels up to 2050. This number will put a strain on the economy. About 65% of seniors are cared for by their family and friends. This leaves 35% who will need assistance from care providers, as well as different types of care facilities, like nursing homes, assisted living and residential communities.

The government spends close to $600 billion on programs like Medicare. This is expected to double by 2027.

Technology Answers

For the government and the private sector to be able to handle the volume of seniors needing care assistance, technology will have to catch up and provide answers. These possible solutions, along with community-based systems, will have to evolve to meet the seniors’ varied needs better. One of those is the need for less intervention into their private space by the same health professionals who are supposed to assist them.

The volume of senior citizens will also require a boom in construction of facilities, as well as an increase in health professionals to address their needs. These professionals include caregivers, as well as psychiatrists, and medical specialists.

Effective Solutions to Missing Teeth

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a man with a missing toothPeople who have lost one or more teeth can experience various problems as a result. Missing teeth can alter how they eat or sound when they are speaking. Gaps also diminish the attractiveness of a smile, and this can cause issues with self-confidence or make social interactions feel challenging. For many years, dentures or bridges were the only option but, for many patients in Manchester, dental implants offer many advantages.

For patients seeking treatment at Smylife in Manchester, dental implants can be fitted in a day so a new smile, and a properly functioning mouth can be a rapid reality.

Dental implants look very natural, as well as being stable and comfortable, so people with implants can eat their favourite foods again and smile with confidence. Implants also improve the health of the jaw as they act in the same way as the root of a natural tooth. The vibrations caused by chewing stimulate the bone, preventing degeneration and loss of bone tissue, which occurs when gaps are left or missing teeth are replaced in other ways.

How do dental implants work?

Having dental implants in Manchester involves one or more small metal screws being inserted into the jaw during a minor operation. During healing, the bones and tiny blood vessels of the jaw mesh around the implant, stabilising it and ensuring that it stays in place. When it is secure, it can be used as a base for one or more replacement teeth or to stabilise loose dentures.

Soon after the replacement teeth are fixed, patients who have had dental implants in Manchester will find that they can eat and speak as normal, as well as enjoying an enhanced appearance.

How long do implants last?

Just as natural teeth need regular attention, there are factors that patients seeking dental implants in Manchester also need to consider ensuring that their replacements function correctly. The dentist who fitted the implants will advise on how to look after and clean the new teeth properly. With the correct attention, implants can last for several decades. If they are well cared for, having dental implants in Manchester will be a long-term investment in quality of life and a great smile.


Lead a Fulfilling Life as a Senior Caregiver

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A care givers equipmentBeing a caregiver for seniors can be one of the most fulfilling and satisfying professions a person can pursue. While requirements may differ in some states, becoming a caregiver is a rewarding experience because it exercises a person’s innate capacity for compassionate and caring.

Although there are different approaches on how to become a senior caregiver, here are a few general things to consider.

Get Certified

Because the duties of a senior caregiver can range from simple housekeeping duties to medical care, getting certification is a great way to gain the trust of the seniors you will be charged with, as well as their families. Certification also sets you apart from other care providers, as certification means you have invested more time and effort into learning the best practices in care giving.

Certification complements on-the-job training, because it provides the caregiver insights into the practice, as well as providing a foundation to further improve upon the quality of care a caregiver provides.

Vocational schools and community colleges usually offer resources for care giving certification, and is a good place to start looking into getting on-the-job training as well.

Basic Medical Training

While some states require senior care providers to have on-the-job training, other states may have more stringent requirements, like formal or medical training. As senior caregivers may need to administer medical maintenance or first aid to their clients, having basic medical training can be a huge plus.

Having medical training is an effective way to boost professional confidence, and will improve the quality of care you would be rendering.

As with the certification, having basic medical training sets you apart from other caregivers, as this allows you to provide a more comprehensive and more personal level of care than other providers.

Practice Patience and Compassion

Once you’ve received certification and medical training, it’s time to practice the most important components of care giving: patience and compassion.

Although the physical and medical needs of the elderly can be challenging, showing an abundance of compassion and patience can go a long way towards helping seniors recover some of their vigor. Providing care in this way can improve the way your clients feel about their life, while also giving you a sense of fulfillment.

Positive Consequences of Peer Pressure

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Group of drug addictsA research conducted by the Cool Spot reveals that 8 out of 10 teens struggle with peer pressure. This can be on either negative or positive side. Learn about some of the benefits of peer pressure, which many people do not know.

Academic performance

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, teens are likely to obey peer pressure to please their friends. When teens channel their efforts to academic achievements, they can influence their fellows to do the same. In this situation, peer pressure can achieve a positive cause.

Alcohol abuse

Alcohol abuse starts with a few sips of the drink. Eventually, teens get used to alcohol to the extent that they cannot do without it. The habit leads to alcohol addiction, which can lead to a substance abuse rehab here in Salt Lake City for treatment.

  • Excessive consumption of alcohol leads to:
  • Temporary loss of consciousness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Coma or death

Alcohol addiction can also cause depression in the victim. All the same, it is possible for teens to say NO to the negative effects of peer pressure. It starts by choosing the right friends that will not influence you into doing something bad to yourself or to the people around you.

Healthy eating

Cases of obesity among young people are on the rise. By adopting healthier eating styles, teenagers can avoid the consequences of poor eating habits. Teens in schools and other communities can influence their fellows to develop healthier eating habits.


Teens can come together for a wellness initiative such as physical exercise. This can help build their muscles and overall health, which is a good thing.

All the same, you cannot mention the positive consequences of peer pressure without highlighting the bad side. Among teenagers, peer pressure leads to several negative choices, some of which affect their lives for a long time. So do not take peer pressure lightly, as this can make or break a person.

Ski Holiday Packing Tips for Beginners

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Family Ski VacationGoing on your first ski trip can be an exciting and a nerve-racking experience. Sure, you are looking forward to hitting the slopes soon; preparation can take so much of your time, especially if it’s your first time to go.

Make sure to reserve a hotel in advance to avoid any hassles. While there are services that offer last-minute ski accommodation for clients, early reservations will help you save money.

To make sure that you do not forget to bring every important item, this list is here to help you out. Feel free to use this as your reference, and you’ll surely have a fun ski holiday.


Aside from having a ski helmet, you need to have your own ski/snowboard clothing. You should get those that are waterproof and made from breathable materials. Put that into consideration when it comes to the jacket, salopettes, and ski gloves or mittens.

Be sure to also wear glove liners for cold weather or some hand warmers (if it’s extremely cold). It’s also good to have a fleece, merino scarf, or neck warmer. Don’t forget to wear thermal bottoms, too. Snow boots are necessary, as well. As for ski socks, it’s advisable that you bring about three or four pairs.


Of course, every skier needs to wear appropriate eyewear. While it is possible to rent goggles at the ski resort, that can be expensive. As such, it’s still better to buy your own pair, especially if you plan to ski often.

Once you are on the mountain, a small rucksack can be pretty useful. This will make carrying certain objects (such as water bottles or snacks) much easier.

Other items you will need will include skis or snowboards, ski poles, avalanche transceiver, and probes.


Because of extreme temperatures, you will also need sunscreen and lip balm. In case of emergencies, have your insurance details and passport photocopies ready. Some ski resorts also require you to provide that.

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